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ubuntu安装配置
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damnsmall安装配置
python学习笔记
呓语录
(np38)
The smallest web server (lamp) in the world: damn small linux (DSL or DamnSmall), dsl-3.3.iso is only 50M.
While,it is also the smallest desktop linux.
============Installing to the Hard Disk==================
1)Boot up the DSL livecd.
2)Open up an xterminal window (click on the A:Terminal icon
  or right-click on the desktop and choose a terminal) and type:
        sudo -s
        cfdisk /dev/sda #or cfdisk /dev/hda(in VMWare, to use IDE, not recommended SCSI)
  create 2 new partitions:
        hda1 Linux Swap Type 82, Size:at least 128mb
        hda2 Linux Type 83, Size:the rest of the disk space, Flag this partition as bootable
  In xterminal window, type:
        sudo -s
        mkswap /dev/sda1 #or mkswap /dev/hda1
        swapon /dev/sda1 #or swapon /dev/hda1
3)In xterminal window, type:
        dsl-hdinstall #in VMWare, to select grub, not lilo
4)Eject the livecd, reboot without livecd(bios setup)
===================Setup DamnSmall==================
5)Logon with user DSL
6)In xterminal window:
        vi /etc/network/interfaces
  add:
        auto eth0
        iface eth0 inet static
                   address 192.168.100.218
                   netmask 255.255.255.0
                   network 192.168.100.0
                   broadcast 192.168.100.255
                   gateway 192.168.100.100
                   # dns-* options are implemented by the resolvconf package, if installed
                   dns-nameservers 202.96.209.5
  then:
        /etc/init.d/networking start #add it into "/opt/bootlocal.sh" to start it while boot
7)StartMenu/System/Control Panel/Select Mirror/Select
  or Start Menu/Apps/Tools/Mirror Selector,
  choose an available address
8)Start ssh in xterminal window:
        sudo /etc/init.d/ssh start #add it into "/opt/bootlocal.sh"
===================Installing myDSL Softwares==================
9)Install mydsl apache(include php4.4):
         StartMenu/Apps/Tools/myDSL Extension Browser/Net/apache-2.0.54/download
  start apache:
         StartMenu/MyDSL/Apache-2.0.54/start
  or in xterminal window:
         /opt/wwwroot/bin/apachectl -k start   #add it into "/opt/bootlocal.sh"
10)Uninstall mydsl apache:
         rm -R /opt/wwwroot
         rm /home/dsl/.fluxbox/mydsl.menu
         vi /home/dsl/.fluxbox/menu
  to delete "[include](.fluxbox/mydsl.menu)"
11)Install mydsl gcc:
         StartMenu/Apps/Tools/myDSL Extension Browser/System/gcc1.dsl/download
         StartMenu/Apps/Tools/myDSL Extension Browser/System/libc6-dev.dsl/download
===================Installing Source Softwares==================
12)Enable apt-get to install deb packages(some may break, for instance, the X servers):
  In xterminal window:
        sudo dpkg-restore
  or StartMenu/Apps/Tools/Enable Apt
13)Install gcc(prepare for install source software):
        StartMenu/Apps/Tools/myDSL Extension Browser/System/synaptic.dsl/download
        #maybe need use mydsl-load and delete /tmp/noload
   In xterminal window:
        synatpic
   In Synatpic:
        install gcc
14)Install apache:
        cd /usr/local/apache
        wget http://www.apache.org/dist/httpd/httpd-2.2.4.tar.gz #don't use httpd-2.0, will fail
        tar zxvf httpd-2.2.4.tar.gz
        cd httpd-2.2.4
        ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache
        make
        make install
        cd ..
        rm httpd-2.2.4.tar.gz
        cp bin/httpd /etc/init.d/httpd
        /etc/init.d/httpd -k start #add it into "/opt/bootlocal.sh"
15)Setup apache:
        vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
   Modify:
        DirectoryIndex index.php index.htm
        DocumentRoot "/var/www"
        <Directory "/var/www">         #from <Directory "/usr/local/apache2/htdocs">
                   Options -Indexes
        ServerLimit 1500      #from MaxClients 150
   Add:
        LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so
        AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
        NameVirtualHost *:80
        <VirtualHost *:80>
         ServerName labs.liba.com
         DocumentRoot /var/www/labs
         Alias /search /var/www/search/
         #Sometimes you need "path alias"(similar to "virtual directory" in IIS), notice:alias without end "/" but realname with end "/", thus to make both "file alias" and "path alias" pointed to "path realname"
         php_admin_value open_basedir /var/www/labs:/tmp
        </VirtualHost>
        <VirtualHost *:80>
         ServerName myliba.liba.com
         DocumentRoot /var/www/myliba
         php_admin_value open_basedir /var/www/myliba:/tmp
        </VirtualHost>
16)Install mydsl gnu-utils(prepare for mysql, need ps command):
        StartMenu/Apps/Tools/myDSL Extension Browser/System/gnu-utils.dsl/download
   In xterminal window(prepare for mysql):
        apt-get install libz-dev
        apt-get install libxml2-dev
17)Install mysql:
        cd /usr/local/mysql
        wget http://download.freelamp.com/LAMP/mysql-5.0.27.tar.gz #not use official, because of unstable version
        tar zxvf mysql-5.0.27.tar.gz
        cd mysql-5.0.27
        ./configure -prefix=/usr/local/mysql -with-charset=utf8 -with-extra-charsets=all #make character_set_database as utf8
        make               #wait for long time
        make install
        cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
        cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql.server
        cd ..
        rm mysql-5.0.27.tar.gz
        groupadd mysql
        useradd -g mysql mysql
        chown -R root /usr/local/mysql
        chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/mysql
        chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/var
        /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql &
        /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql #start mysql
        /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -uroot password xxxxx //set root password
        vi /opt/bootlocal.sh
        add: /usr/local/mysql/bin/safe_mysqld --user=mysql & #let mysql start with os
        /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -pxxxxx
        create database db_app;    #not lost ";"
        grant all on db_app1.*,db_app2.* to db_user@localhost identified by 'xxxxx'; #to create or modify one user
18)Install flex and bison(prepare for php):
        StartMenu/Apps/Tools/myDSL Extension Browser/System/flex-bison-libtool.dsl/download
   In xterminal window:
        apt-get install zlib1g
19)Install libxml2-(>=2.6.11):
        cd /usr/local/libxml2
        wget ftp://xmlsoft.org/libxml2/libxml2-2.6.27.tar.gz
        tar zxvf libxml2-2.6.27.tar.gz
        cd libxml2-2.6.27
        ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml2
        make
        make install
        cd ..
        rm libxml2-2.6.27.tar.gz
20)Install php:
        cd /usr/local/php
        wget http://cn.php.net/distributions/php-5.1.6.tar.gz
        tar zxvf php-5.1.6.tar.gz
        cd php-5.1.6
        ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \
        --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs \     #create /usr/local/apache/modules/libphp5.so
        --enable-sockets \
        --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php \ #set path to find php.ini
        --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \ #add mysql client extension
        --enable-so #must exist, else apache will report undefined symbol: php_escape_html_entities
        --with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2
        make      #wait for while
        make install
        cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/php.ini
        cd ..
        rm php-5.1.6.tar.gz
21)Setup php:
        vi /usr/local/php/php.ini
        open_basedir = /var/www/html #restrict php activity area
        error_reporting = 0 #avoid expose php code while errors
        register_globals = Off #avoid post/get/cookie global variabal covering

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